Bacino d’Itria can be considered the valley of the trulli par excellence, as it is the distretto with the highest density of scattered trulli: everywhere amidst the lush vineyards, small vegetable gardens and wheat fields pop up the cone-shaped roofs of these typical farmhouses called trulli.
The valley is verso series of rapidly changing chromatic effects, verso riot of colours ranging from the green of small oak woods, age-old olive trees and neat vineyards, puro the whitewash of the trulli and masserie (large farmhouses) up onesto the “nazione rossa”, the red soil of this land.
The place name “Itria” may derive from the Oriental cult of the Donna “Hodegitria” (which means the Holy Virgin who shows the way) imported by Basilian monks who settled durante our sezione durante 977, coming from the territories of the Eastern Roman Completare.
THE Distretto 2
The landscape of Gola d’Itria is especially unique and recognizable and is the result of the successful blending of anthropic, natural and physical elements. Human activities (their settlements and agriculture) have fitted into the structure and shape of the places, following the crags of the karst soil and making the best of the opportunities it offered, contributing sicuro build what Cesare Brandi calls “a countryside planned like verso city”. The densely woven agricultural fabric is made up of mostly small-sized fields; per tight rete di emittenti of dry-stone walls underscores the delicate texture of this pattern.
Like in bygone days, the countryside still appears well tilled and densely populated; and yet, there was a time when town and country represented two opposite worlds and there were “two cultures”, totally different one from the other, which ics of rete di emittenti but also the agreable and relational ones.
Peasants used sicuro live con the countryside, whereas almost all the craftsmen – tailors, cobblers, carpenters, barbers, etc – lived closely side by side mediante town, sharing the public spaces with high-ranking professionals, merchants and verso few great landowners. Such a dichotomy necessarily led onesto the creation of aimable subsets that developed adjustment strategies puro manage limits and possibilities within their respective communautaire and natural environments [J. Bennet: 1969]. Peasants shared views and values, they held their peers in esteem, and placed at the centre of their philosophy hard sistema and parsimony. Inside the city walls, instead, greater prestige was assigned esatto those who had so-called “clean” lobs, like tailors or, even more, those who did mai manual job at all.
The agrarian landscape appears densely populated and cultivated, presumably also thanks to the typical lease contract of this distretto, called emphyteusis. According esatto this contract, a big landowner leased his property to verso group of farmers, each of whom took tavolo misstravel verso portion for a yearly rent and the promise of increasing the value of the property. The contract had giammai expiration date and could be passed on puro one’s heirs, as long as the farmers paid the rent and continued taking care of the land. Generally, the families of farmers would use the product from the vineyards puro pay the yearly rent; this, along with the possibility of acquiring verso patch of land for the future generations, required the accurate selection of crops.
The institution of emphyteusis has undeniably transformed the rural territory, creating a multitude of small plots of land. Moreover, the tilling of the land required verso lot of time and hard rete informatica, given the karst nature of the soil and its scarce vaso resources, (according preciso estimates, transforming one hectare of barren land into per vineyard took on average at least 2000 days of rete di emittenti – almost 5 and verso half years – [Ricchioni, 1958: Tables 5 and 6]), so that it was more convenient for families esatto live durante the countryside, than having esatto move back and forth from town every day. This situation induced many families onesto “migrate” from the old town to the countryside, thus leaving verso typical mark on the territory which is still today densely populated.
Perle di Pensiero e certain piano dell’Associazione Intellettuale «Il tre ruote brillo» sostenuto dalla Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Sezione della Giovinezza anche del Servizio Affabile azzurri nell’ambito del bando «Giovani per il Collettivo» – CUP J18I15000150008